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INDIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH STUDIES - Volume 3 Issue 1, January 2021

Pages: 44-64

Date of Publication: 31-Jan-2021

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Predictors of Anxiety, Sleep Disturbances and Somatic Symptoms among Caregivers of Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review

Author: Krishna Ramachandran, Eslavath Rajkumar, Allen Joshua George, Romate John

Category: Health Studies


The present study is intended at reviewing the existing literature that reported the factors influencing anxiety, disturbances in sleep, and somatic symptoms among the caregivers of cancer patients, as well as the interventions to improve their wellbeing. Systematic review from Pub Med, Science Direct, and manual search from Google Scholar was done. Systematically reviewed articles on PubMed and Science Direct, from inception to 21st October 2020, to identify the studies that reported the predictors of anxiety, sleep disturbances, and somatic symptoms, and also the interventions that help to reduce these conditions, among the caregivers of cancer patients. Overall, 5932 articles were identified. 19 studies were finalized for the systematic review. Fifteen studies had discussed the predictors contributing to anxiety, sleep disturbances, or somatic symptoms, and four studies were related to the interventions intended to improve wellbeing by reducing the aforementioned clinical symptoms. Psychosocial factors including less emotional support from the care beneficiary and others, higher caregiving burden, less interaction and time for self, financial instability were found to be influencing anxiety, sleep disturbances and somatic symptoms. Music therapy, existential behavioral therapy, individual-based training interventions, and need-based interventions were reported to be applied with significant effectiveness.

DOI: 10.56490/IJHS.2021.3104